College dating relationships
Hooking up can have different meanings to different college students.
For instance, at Howard University, the majority of students see hooking up as meeting friends or simply exchanging phone numbers without any sexual connotation to it.
Specifically, the advent of the telephone and the automobile and their subsequent integration into the mainstream culture are often identified as key factors in the rise of modern dating.
Not only did these technologies allow for rapid communication between a couple, but they also removed familial supervision from the dating process.
Another potential form of harassment can be seen in professor–student relationships; even though the student may be of the age to consent, they might be coerced into sexual encounters due to the hope of boosting their grades or receiving a recommendation from the professor.
The practices of courtship in Western societies have changed dramatically in recent history.
The lower classes typically did not follow this system, focusing more on public meetings.
Lavaliering is a "pre-engagement" engagement that is a tradition in the Greek life of college campuses.
Since fraternities and sororities do not occur much outside of the United States, this occurs, for the most part, only in the US.
Hooking up is unique for when and why the sexual encounter occurs: instead of building a relationship before initiating sexual acts (from kissing to intercourse), hooking up allows the participants to become intimate without the expectation of commitment.
Glenn and Marquardt's research shows the prominence of hooking up on modern-day college campuses; they found that approximately 40% of college women have participated in a hookup, with as many as 25% of that number having participated in this practice a minimum of six times.